What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? | Introduction, Working, Benefits and Applications - News4u95


Saturday, 2 May 2020

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? | Introduction, Working, Benefits and Applications

Artificial Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

Artificial intelligence, or simply AI is a term used to describe a machine's ability to simulate human intelligence. Behaviors once considered unique to humans, such as learning, logic, reasoning, perception, and creativity, are now being replicated by technology and used in every industry.

A common example of artificial intelligence in the world today is the chatbot, specifically the "live chat" version that handles basic customer service requests on corporate websites. As technology evolves, so do the benchmarks that make up AI.

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)

Artificial general intelligence, or AGI (commonly referred to as "strong AI" or "true AI"), refers to AI that has advanced to a human-like level of intelligence. While today's machines are superior to humans in their chosen tasks, there is currently, no AI that can fully reproduce the depth and breadth of human skills and cognition.

Conversational Artificial Intelligence

The popular use of NLP is the conversational AI commonly found in online chatbots, which uses AI to mimic human conversations via online chat. The chatbot market has grown exponentially over the last few years, bringing cost savings and improved customer service to almost every industry, especially in the fast-growing e-commerce trend.

Working of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence combines large amounts of data with fast, iterative processing and intelligent algorithms, allowing software to automatically learn patterns and features of data.

Machine learning automates the building of analytical models. Find hidden insights in your data using methods from neural networks, statistics, operational studies, and physics without explicitly programming where to look or what to conclude.

Neural networks are a type of machine-learning consisting of interconnected units that process information in response to external inputs and receive information about relays between each unit. This process requires multiple passes through the data to detect connections and derive meaning from undefined data.

Deep learning uses large neural networks with many layers of processing devices to improve computing power and improve training skills for learning large amounts of complex data patterns. Common applications include image and voice recognition.

Cognitive computing is a subfield of artificial intelligence that aims for natural human-like interaction with machines. With AI and cognitive computing, the ultimate goal is a machine that simulates human processes through its ability to interpret images and sounds and respond and speak coherently.

Computer vision uses pattern recognition and deep learning to recognize the content of photos and videos. If the machine can process, analyze, and understand the image, it can capture the image or video in real-time and interpret its surroundings.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a computer function that analyzes, understands, and produces human language, including speech. The next step in NLP is natural language communication. This allows humans to communicate with computers and perform tasks using their normal, everyday languages.

Graphical processing units are key to artificial intelligence because they provide the heavy computational power needed for iterative processing. Training neural networks require big data and computational power.

The Internet of Things produces a large amount of data from connected devices, most of which have not been analyzed. When you use AI to automate your models, you get more out of it.

Advanced algorithms have been developed and combined in new ways to analyze more data faster and at multiple levels. This intelligent processing is key to identifying and predicting rare events, understanding complex systems and optimizing your own scenarios.

An API, or application programming the interface is a portable package of code that allows you to add artificial intelligence functionality to existing products and software packages. You can add image recognition capabilities to your home security system, describe your data, create captions and headlines, and add Q & A features to uncover interesting patterns and insights in your data.

Related Article: Artificial Intelligence in Automotive | Introduction and Uses

Important Benefits of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence automates iterative learning and discovery through data. But AI is different from hardware-driven robot automation. Instead of automating manual tasks, AI often performs large numbers of computerized tasks reliably and without fatigue. With this type of automation, human research is still essential to set up the system and ask the right questions.

AI adds intelligence to existing products. In most cases, AI is not sold as a separate application. Rather, AI features to improve existing products, just as Siri was added as a feature in a new generation of Apple products. You can combine large automation, chat platforms, bots, and smart machines with large amounts of data to improve many technologies, from security intelligence at home and at work to investment analysis.

Artificial intelligence adapts through progressive learning algorithms, allowing the data to perform programming. AI finds the structure and regularity of data and enables algorithms to acquire skills. The algorithm can be a classifier or predictor. Therefore, just as algorithms can teach how to play chess, algorithms can then teach themselves which products to recommend online. The model will then adapt, given the new data. Backpropagation is an AI technique that allows a model to adjust through training and additional data if the first answer is incorrect.

AI uses neural networks with many hidden layers to analyze deeper data. Some six years ago, it was almost impossible to create a fraud detection system with five hidden layers. Everything has changed with incredible computing power and big data. Training a deep learning model requires large amounts of data because it learns directly from the data. The more data you can feed, the more accurate it will be.

Artificial intelligence delivers incredible precision through deep neural networks. This was previously impossible. For example, interactions with Alexa, Google Search, and Google Photos are all based on deep learning, and the more we use them, the more accurate they are. In the medical field, AI technologies such as deep learning, image classification, and object recognition can be used to find cancer on MRI with the same accuracy as a highly trained radiologist.

AI makes the most of your data. If the algorithm is self-learning, the data itself can be intellectual property. The answer lies in the data. You have to apply artificial intelligence to get them. The role of data is more important than ever, so you can create a competitive advantage. If you have the best data in a highly competitive industry, the best data wins, even if everyone applies similar techniques.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence 

Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

The biggest bets are improved patient outcomes and reduced costs. Companies are applying machine learning to make faster and better diagnoses than humans. One of the best known medical technologies is IBM Watson. Understand the natural language and answer the questions asked. The system mines patient data and other available data sources to create hypotheses. The hypothesis is presented in a confidence score schema. Other AI applications use online virtual health assistants and chatbots to help patients and healthcare customers find medical information, schedule appointments, understand billing processes, and complete other management processes. It includes helping. A set of AI technologies are also used to predict, address, and understand pandemics such as COVID-19.

Artificial Intelligence in Business

The machine learning algorithm has been integrated into the Analytics and Customer Relationship Management (CRM) platform to provide information on ways to improve customer service. Chatbots are built into the website to provide immediate service to customers. Job automation is also a point of discussion among scholars and IT analysts.

Artificial Intelligence in Education

AI can automate grading, giving educators more time. Evaluate students to adapt to their needs and allow them to work at their own pace. AI tutors provide additional support to students and keep them on track. And it may change how and where students learn, perhaps even replacing some teachers.

Artificial Intelligence in Finance

AI in personal finance applications such as Intuit Mint and TurboTax are confusing financial institutions. Applications like this collect personal information and provide financial advice. Other programs, such as IBM Watson, have been applied to the home buying process. Today, artificial intelligence software does much of the trading on Wall Street.

Artificial Intelligence in Law

The legal discovery process-sieving documents-is often overwhelming to humans. Using AI to automate labor-intensive processes in the legal industry can save time and improve client service. Law firms use machine learning to describe data, predict outcomes, use computer vision to classify and extract information from documents, and use natural language processing to interpret requests for information.

Artificial Intelligence in Manufacturing

Manufacturing is at the forefront of incorporating robots into workflows. For example, an industrial robot that is programmed to perform a single task at a time and is decoupled from human workers is designed to act as a cobot. Other workspaces.

Artificial Intelligence in Banking Industry

Banks have successfully adopted chatbots to make their customers aware of their services and offerings and to process transactions that do not require human intervention. AI virtual assistants are used to improve and reduce the cost of compliance with banking regulations. Banking organizations are also using AI to improve loan decisions, set credit limits and identify investment opportunities.

Artificial Intelligence in Transportation

In addition to AI's fundamental role in the operation of autonomous vehicles, AI technology is used to manage traffic, predict flight delays and improve the safety and efficiency of marine transportation.

Artificial Intelligence in Security

AI and machine learning are the top buzzwords used by today's security vendors to differentiate their products. These terms also describe truly viable technologies. AI and machine learning in cybersecurity products add real value to security teams by looking for ways to identify attacks, malware, and other threats.

Organizations use machine learning in security information and event management (SIEM) software and related areas to detect anomalies and identify suspicious activity that represents a threat. By analyzing the data and using logic to identify similarities with the infamous code, AI can alert you to new attacks much faster than human attacks or previous technology iterations.

As a result, AI security technology dramatically reduces the number of false positives and gives organizations time to counter real threats before they occur. Mature technology plays a major role in helping organizations fight off cyber attacks.

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